When you bring home a dog, you need to train it so that it’s obedient and follows your commands. A well-trained dog is welcome in many places which increases happiness for the dog owner as well. For example, if your dog shakes his hand instead of jumping up, he isn’t feared by visitors. Dog training means your canine enjoys more freedom and exercise as he’s likely to be let loose more often. Rewarding your dog for its good actions also forms a strong bond between the two of you. On the whole, puppy training means you don’t have to worry about how your pet will behave in public.
How Do Dogs Learn?
Dogs learn by association. That means if you appreciate and reward their action, they’re likely to repeat it. For dog training to be effective, the reward should be enticing and directly linked to the action. The reward is often given within one second of the action. It can be dog food or small titbits, praise or even a toy.
What Equipment Is Necessary For Dog Training?
You don’t need much equipment per se as you’re not looking to exercise your pet. To start with, you’ll require flat fitting dog collars, dog leash, treats, dog toys and the commands you’re going to use.
Which Commands Do I Use To Train My Pet?
Training is very useful to improve dog behaviour problems that either existed or may develop in future. There are training classes but you can do it yourself. With some patience and the right attitude, it can be fun for both you and your dog!
This is one of the easiest commands to teach your canine. So, start with teaching your dog to sit when told to.
- Hold the treat near the dog’s nose.
- When he notices you, move your hand upwards. His head will move upwards causing his bottom to lower.
- Once he’s in this position, say “Sit” and give him the treat.
Repeat this before mealtime and when going for a walk till your dog has mastered it.
You can use “Come” to your dog if you lose grip on the leash or forgetfully leave the front door open.
- Put a collar and leash on your dog in the initial days.
- Bend down to his level, say “Come” and gently tug at the leash.
- When he comes to you, reward him with treats and appreciation.
Once you’re sure that he’ll run to you when called, you can remove the leash and practise in an area with fewer people like a park.
One of the difficult commands, it isn’t easy for ferocious dogs to obey submission. This could make dog training strainous but take it slowly. Keep the training relaxed and positive. Don’t beat or scold your pet as he’s trying equally hard to understand it!
- Find a treat with a good smell and hold it closed in your fist.
- Hold it near your dog’s snout. When he sniffs at it, take your hand towards the floor and see that he follows with his eyes.
- Then slide your hand along the ground to allow his body to follow his head.
- Once your pet is in this position, call out “Down” and let him enjoy the treat.
If your dog makes a grab at your hand or tries to sit up, say “No” loudly and move your hand away.
Once your pet masters the “Sit” command, you can train him for the “Stay” command. As it’s an exercise in self-control, puppies and high-energy dogs find it more difficult to just stay put.
- First, train your dog to “Sit”.
- Then, point an open palm towards him and say “Stay”.
- Step back a bit. If your dog stays, shower him with praise and dog treats.
- Gradually increase the number of steps you take behind.
- Always reward even if for a few seconds.
It’s natural for your canine to get curious and sniff or eat something poisonous on the ground. Dog training can save your dog’s life.
- Take treats in both hands.
- Hold out one enclosed fist with the treat and say “Leave it”.
- Your dog will sniff, lick, mouth, paw and bark at it- but ignore.
- Once he gives up, open the other hand and give the treat.
- Repeat this until your pet learns to move away from your hand when you say “Leave it”.
Remember dog training takes time and efforts by both your dog and you. Some animals are slow learners by birth depending on their breed. These five simple commands can improve communication and keep your dog safe. Only start dog training when you feel ready enough for it.